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The Imam's Daughter

Prayer Facts - From Fiqh- Us- Sunnah

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I am re-reading Fiqh - us - Sunnah by Sayyid Sabiq, as i mentioned to you that it is good to read every 6 months or so to remind yourself of the rewards for prayer and other areas of worship. Here are a few highlights on that, specifically from the sections: Prayer and Adhan. See Fiqh us-Sunnah, book of Purification and Prayer, for more details, more hadiths, and the background info. http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/law/fiqhussunnah/fus1_06.html

 
- To state it simply, prayer must exist, for without it Islam cannot stand.
 
- It was the first act of worship that was made obligatory by Allah. Its obligation was directly revealed to the Prophet, during his ascension to heaven.
 
- At first, they were 50 in number, but were reduced several times until they were five. Allah said that these five are equivalent to the fifty.
 
- Salah is the first act that the person will be held accountable for on the day of judgement. If it is good, then the rest of his acts will be good.
 
- The importance of Salah is so great that one is ordered to observe it while travelling or not, while one is safe or in fear.
 
- Not praying or denying its obligation is seen as disbelief and places the person outside the religion of Islam. All scholars agree on this point. Jabir reports that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "Between a person and disbelief is discarding prayer." (Ahmed, Muslim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah). One who intentionally does not pray until the time for prayer is over is an unbeliever.
 
- Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'Aas reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, one day mentioned the prayer and said, "Whoever guards and observes his prayer, they will be a light and a proof and a savior for him on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever does not guard and observe them, they will not be a light or a proof or a savior for him. (Ahmed, at-Tabarani, Ibn Hibban)
 
- hadith: i heard the messenger of Allah , upon whom be peace, say 'Allah has laid five prayers upon His slaves. Whoever fulfills them and does not miss any of them will have a pact with Allah that He will let him enter Paradise. Whoever does not come with them will have no pact with Allah. If He wishes, He may punish him, and if He wishes, He may forgive him." (Ahmed, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah)
 
- hadith: the one who misses the afternoon prayer (Asr) has destroyed all of his works (Ahmed and Ibn Majah) On this subject Ibn al-Qayyim says "Leaving the prayer is of two types: leaving it completely and never praying it (which destroys all of one's deeds), and second - leaving it during a particular day, which destroys all of the deeds of that day.
 
- For Asr prayer, it is also greatly disliked to pray it right before Maghrib, since that is the time when the sun is between the horns of Satan.
 
- Whoever catches a rak'ah of prayer before its time has expired has caught the entire prayer in its time. Although it is not allowed to intentionally delay those prayers until such times.
 
- Whoever sleeps through or has forgotten to pray a certain prayer should pray it when he wakes up or remembers the prayer.
 
- It is forbidden to pray any sunnah prayers after one has prayed Fajr. It is forbidden to pray (sunnah prayers) from sunrise until the sun has completely risen because the sun rises between the horns of Satan. It is forbidden to pray at noon because that is the time that the hell-fire is fed with fuel. It is forbidden to pray right before sunset because the sun sets between the horns of Satan and that is when the unbelievers make prostrations to it (Ahmed, Muslim) These is also no sunnah prayers after praying Asr prayer until the Maghrib. For the 5 obligatory prayers, you may pray them during these forbidden times if you have overslept or forgotten, it will be valid, but it is disliked.
 
- It is disliked to pray any sunnah prayers while the Iqamah is being made.
 
- Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet said, "If the people know what was in the adhan and the first row (of the prayer in virtue), and that they could not get it save by drawing lots, they would draw lots. If they knew the reward for praying the noon prayer early in its time, they would race to it. And if they knew the reward for the Isha and Fajr prayers in congregation, they would come to them even if they had to crawl." (al-Bukhari and others)
 
- After the adhan, one should make individual supplications, as that is the time when they will most likely be accepted. Anas reported that the Prophet, upon whom be peace, said, "A supplication made between the adhan and the iqamah is not rejected." (Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i, at-Tirmidhi)
 
- For women praying together, they do not have to make Adhan or Iqamah, but it is ok to do so, since Aishah used to make the adhan and iqamah and lead the women in prayer, standing in the middle of the row.
 
May Allah forgive me for any mistakes. I would let you know if i realise any mistakes or someone corrects me. I will try also to give you the highlights of other sections as i read them inshaAllah if i think it would be very important.

This article by Mona Eid.